Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Periyar national park

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Situated in the Western Ghats of Kerala, is the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. It was formed due to the construction of a dam in 1895 and has a beautiful lake at the heart of the sanctuary. This reservoir provides water for the local wildlife as it flows aimlessly in a line through the wooded hills. Being a tiger reserve, the main attraction of this place for tourist is the Indian elephants.

Other Attractions of the Sanctuary

Other attractions include the Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog. Tigers are rarely seen and it is estimated that there are 40 tigers available here. There are at present four types of piramates namely Ė the lion tailed macaque which is a rare type found in the world, Nilgiri langur, Common langur and Bonnet. The sanctuary is also a habitat to the rarely seen Nilgiri Tahr.

Coming to the birdlife in the Periyar sanctuary, it consists of Kingfishers, Darters, Cormorants, great Malabar Hornbill and racket tailed Drongoes. And the reptilian community mainly consists of Monitor Lizards sitting on the rocks of the sunny climate along the lakeshore. Visitors who come for trekking into Periyar National Park often find python and King Cobra.

The wildlife sanctuary environment has different shades like in a canvas. The peace and serenity of the atmosphere is due to the fresh air of the deciduous forests of the Periyar sanctuary.

Attractions that are available

Kumily : Just 4 kms from the Periyar is this growing town where spice trade is on growing spree and the main occupation of this small town. The town has the best hotels and resorts for accommodation

Cradomom Hills : To view the cardamon hills, periyar and kumily are the most convenient points for the visitors. Trips to these hills are provided by guide as they approach you with jeeps or taxi to the hills and these trips are a good value if they are a group of tourists together.

Boat Cruises : Boat Cruises are the best way to look for wilds in the Periyar wildlife sanctuary. The Periyar lake is the best boating option for tourists.Even though it is not usual to see animals when you are on boat, sometimes you could spot family of Elephants, Wild Boar and Sambha Deer near the water edge. While taking a cruise boat, upper deck is the best for viewing wildlife and viewing it (Please donít mention it. After the boat tragedy they are not providing upper deck boats) it is better to take the 7 am boat which is half an hour earlier than the usual. You can even rent your boat too.

Ways to get to the sanctuary

Air : From Periyar it is 200 Kms from Cochin or from Madurai in Tamil Nadu it is 140 Kms are the airports
Rail : 114 kms is the nearest railhead from Periyar at Kottayam
Road : Kumily which is the nearest town from Periyar has both state and private buses from Kottayam, Ernankulam and from Madurai in Tamil Nadu

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